Domestic Violence and spousal visas
Family Violence in Property Matters
The issue of family violence is current governed by both the Family Law Act 1975 (Cth) and the Family Law Legislation Amendment (Family Violence and Other Measures) Act 2011 (Cth). The recent amendments effectively change the Family Law Act to provide:
- Greater protection from harm when determining the child’s best interests;
- Changing the definition of ‘Family Violence’ and ‘Abuse’ to reflect modern understanding of the terms;
- Providing a wider scope for what Court’s may consider in relation to family violence orders;
- Improving reporting requirements and Court’s access to evidence;
- Allowing child protection authorities to participate in family law proceedings; and
- Gender neutral terms to mirror the Family Law Act.
Application to Proceedings
The recognized legal principle from the case of Kennon and Kennon  FamCA 27 provides a party to proceedings which has been the victim of family violence may receive an additional percentage of the asset pool in their favour. To establish this argument, the victim of the family violence must establish:
- A violent course of conduct occurred;
- During the marriage/relationship;
- Evidence of a significant adverse or discernible impact upon the party’s contributions to the marriage.
Requirement three essentially involves an argument that the contributions which were made by the victim of family violence in the marriage/relationship were made more arduous that they ought to have been. This argument is quite common where the Wife of the relationship has been subject to family violence by the Husband, which has caused her contributions as home-maker to be more difficult. These arguments have been successfully applied in numerous cases, including Doherty & Doherty (1996) FLC 92-652, Marando&Marando (1997) FLC 92-754 and Coad & Coad  FamCA 622.
Difficulties in Applying the Principle from Kennon
Whilst the application of this legal principle may seem straightforward, Altobelli FM in Kozovski&Kozovski FamCA 1014 discussed the difficulty in analysing the required evidence to establish this argument. However, it appears that recent developments to section 55 and 56 of the Evidence Act 1995 (Cth) and rule 10.12(d) of the Family Law Rules 2004 (Cth) may soften to application of admissible evidence to family violence matters. In the case of Britt & Britt (2017) FLC 93, the Full Family Court on appeal provided evidence that is probative, even slightly probative, will be admissible for the purpose of rationally affecting the determination of an issue. For evidence to be inadmissible, it must have no probative value.
Therefore, this also evidence to be admissible in relation to family violence where it may provide context to other evidence presented to the Court, establish the relationship of the parties in regard to finances, and, the credibility of each party.
Domestic Violence and Spousal Visas
The Department of Home Affairs guidelines provide certain persons applying for permanent residence in Australia to be able to continue this application following the breakdown of a marriage or relationship. Applicants within this process must provide evidence that either they, or members of their family, have been victim of domestic violence committed by the Australian partner. The requirements to continue this application is dependant upon the applicant demonstrating the relationship between the parties was genuine until ceasing, and, family violence took place during the relationship.
The categories of visa’s which consider the affect of family violence on the applicant include:
- Partner (permanent) (subclass 100) visa;
- Spouse (permanent) (subclass 100) visa;
- Interdependency (permanent) (subclass 110);
- Partner (temporary and permanent) (subclass 820/801) visas;
- Spouse (temporary and permanent) (subclass 820/801) visas;
- Interdependency (temporary and permanent) (subclass 826/814);
- Established Business in Australia (subclass 845);
- State/Territory Sponsored Regional Established Business in Australia (subclass 846);
- Labour Agreement (subclass 855);
- Employer Nomination Scheme (subclass 856);
- Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme (subclass 857);
- Distinguished Talent (subclass 858).